Nina Stoletzki,* John Welch, Joachim Hermisson,* and Adam Eyre-Walker *Section of Evolutionary Biology, Department Biology II, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Planegg-Martinsried, Germany;and Centre for the Study of Evolution, University of Sussex, Brighton, United KingdomIt has been suggested that volatility, the proportion of mutations which change an amino acid, can be used to infer
UntitledEFFECT presets of EUROPOWER PMH660M
Simulates the dense, long reverberation of a large cathedral, which is appropriate for solo instruments or vocals in slow-tempo music. Please choose Cathedral
Simulates the sound of plate reverberators and hence is a classic for drums (snare) and vocals. In comparison with the first variation, the second one Here, you can select between a small theater and a large hall. Although this program is similar to studio (see below) it features more presence which Is well suited to dispersing the sound of a keyboard or an acoustic guitar.
You can clearly hear the walls of the room. A useful program for reverb that isn’t directly noticable (rap, hip hop vocals) or to make dry recordings of This simulation of a middle to large-sized room is also available in two variations. Both variations sound very natural. Very all-round effect.
Simulates a small, lively (strongly reflecting) hall and is perfect for processing drums.
Reproduces a middle-sized room without late reflections.
The initial reflections of this room are clearly audible. This effect is a classic for dynamic signals (drums, percussion, slap bass etc.).
Simulates a classic spring reverberation. This effect synthetically cuts off reverberation after a period of time. It is famous in the song “In the Air Tonight” by Phil Collins. The variations differ in Gated Reverb
This is a reverberation in which the envelope is reversed—it slowly gets louder.
This effect slightly detunes the original signal. A very pleasant detune effect is created in connection with the pitch variation. The chorus effect is quite often and extensively used for dispersing signals—in such a variety of applications that any recommendation would mean a limitation of their use. The variations available here range from slow to fast chorus effects.
This effect creates the sound of an eight-person (!) vocal chorus.
The word “flange” means “tape spool”, and this explains the characteristics of the effect. Originally the flanger effect was generated with two tape recorders which ran synchronously. The same audio signal was recorded on both machines. If you put a finger on the left spool of one of the machines, the spool and the playback speed are slowed down. The generated delay results in phase shifting of the signals. Please choose either “medium flanger” or one of the “bright flanger” programs, which feature an increase in presence. With the phaser, a second, phase-shifted signal is added to the original audio signal. The resulting sound is thicker and above all livelier. This effect is often used for guitar sounds and keyboards. In the ’70s, it was also extensively used for other instruments like electric pianos. The PMX2000 offers you four different phaser variations. Rotary Speaker
The simulation of a classic effect that is normally generated with a very heavy enclosure comprising (slow or fast) rotating speakers. A delay of the input signal with various repetitions. Different tempo settings (ten variations in total) allow interesting delay effects.
Similar to the stereo delay, with the difference being that the repetitions have less presence. This simulates the character of the original tape echo that was used before the digital era and can be thought of as a “Vintage Sound”.
A delay effect with changing stereo positioning. Four variations are available.
Chorus & Reverb
This algorithm combines the popular chorus with a reverb effect. Taking all variations into account, they differ in the length of reverb. Flanger & Reverb
The combination of flanger and reverb effects.
Phaser & Reverb
The combination of a classic stereo phaser and a reverb effect. Here, too, the phaser is combined with different reverb types.
A real classic, the rotary speaker effect, is processed with a reverb effect. This effect works especially well with keyboards and guitars.
Delay & Reverb
Delay and reverb is the most common combination for vocals, solo guitars, etc.
Pitch & Reverb
The pitch shifter slightly detunes the audio signal, while the reverb adds ambience to the signal.
While the chorus can contribute to a wideness of the signal, interesting repetition effects can be adjusted with the delay. Vocals can be given a Delay & Chorus
distinctive effect without making the voice sounding blurred.
Delay & Flanger
This effect is just right for creating a modern, slightly “spacey” vocal sound.
Delay & Pitch
A repetition of the audio signal, with an oscillatory effect added by the pitch shifter.
FX special FX
The pitch effect can be used to produce a cartoon-character type voice effect.
Filters, in general, influence the frequency response of a signal. A low-pass filter allows low frequencies to pass and suppresses high frequencies, LFO Bandpass
while a high pass filter allows high frequencies to pass and suppresses low frequencies. This LFO bandpass effect is complemented by modulation due to a LFO (Low Frequency Oscillator).
This effect is very hip when used on vocals and drum loops.
This effect adds clicks and noise to your audio signal, simulating old vinyl records.
Here, the typical sound of scanning an FM tuner is simulated. This can be a very interesting effect when sound-tracking radio plays.
Use this 1 kHz test tone to facilitate P.A. level setting.
FRUIT AND FOOD TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, STELLENBOSCH INDIGENOUS FLOWERS – CIRCULAR No. 2 – OCTOBER, 1965 WHERE CAN PROTEAS BE CULTIVATED? Most South African Proteaceae show a remarkable adaptability with regard to climatic conditions and can be cultivated in both summer and winter rainfall areas. Yet their growth is influenced by various factors which must be taken into consider