medical library guide

The Cochran School of Nursing
Guide to APA Citation Style - 6th Edition
Examples of sources

(DOI) system
“A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency (the International DOI Foundation) to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the internet”. (APA 6th ed., p. 189, 2010). Include the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) in the reference if one is assigned (see section 6.31, APA 6th ed., p. 198, 2010). “If a DOI is provided, no further retrieval information is needed” (APA 6th ed., p.191, 2010). “Do not include retrieval dates unless the source material may change over time (e.g., Wikis)” (APA 6th ed., p.192, 2010). Journal article electronic version with DOI
Murzynski, J., & Degelman, D. (1996). Body language of women and judgments of vulnerability to sexual assault. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 26, Journal article electronic version without DOI

Baulch, J., Chester, A., & Brennan, L. (2010). Adolescent and parent content
preferences and predictors of intention to use an online healthy weight website for adolescents. Electronic Journal of Applied Psychology, 6(1), 18-26. Retrieved from Pagination (page numbers) information
Journals with continuous pagination are paginated by volume. Meaning, within a volume, instead of beginning with page one, the first page of each issue continues where the last one left off. When citing from these journals, no issue number is required. However, in journals paginated by issue, each issue within a volume begins with page one. When citing from these journals, the issue number must be included. Journal article print version paginated by volume
Cook-Campbell, J., & Sefton, M. (2010). Discharge teaching about Warfarin patient retention of knowledge. Home Healthcare Nurse, 28, 366-374.
Journal article print version paginated by issue
Gerdner, L. (2010). Evidence-based guideline: Individualized music for elders with dementia. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 36(6), 7-15.
Note on multiple authors
: “Invert all authors’ names; give surnames and initials
for up to and including seven authors (e.g. Author, A.A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C.). When authors number eight or more, include the first six authors then insert three ellipses, and add the last author’s name (APA, 6th ed., p. 184, 2010).
Journal with eight or more authors
Wolchik, S. A., West, S. G., Sandler, I. N., Tein, J. Y., Coatsworth, D., Lengua,
L., …Griffin, W. A. (2000). An experimental evaluation of theory-based mother and mother-child programs for children of divorce. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 843-856. Newspapers and magazines
Newspaper article
Von Stamwitz, A. (2010, January 26). An ill father, a life-or-death decision. The Magazine article
Ilkay, J. (2010, January). Vitamin D: Is it a weapon in disease prevention? Today’s Dietician: The Magazine for Nutrition Professionals, 12(1), 12-13. Online magazine article
Wallis, C. (2010, February). Health and Science: A debunked study won’t stop vaccine-autism theorists. TIME. Retrieved from,8599,1958744,00.html?iid=tsmodule Non-print Media (i.e. Videos, DVDS)
Vector Communications Corporation. (Producer). (2002). Mosby’s nursing assistant skills videos: Bathing [VHS]. St. Louis, Missouri: Mosby. Websites
Smith, J. (2010). Nursing news: Self-monitoring trumps conventional care in blood pressure control. Retrieved from Watson, J. (1999). Postmodern nursing and beyond. Philadelphia, PA: Churchill Article or chapter in an edited book
Gunther, M.E. (2010). Martha E. Rogers, 1914 - 1994: Unitary human beings. In M. R. Alligood and A. M. Tomey (Eds.), Nursing theorists and their work (pp. 242-264). Maryland Heights, MO: Mosby Elsevier. Interview
An interview is not considered recoverable data, so no reference to this is
provided in the reference list.
You may, however, cite the interview within the
as a personal communication. (APA 6th ed., p. 189, 2010). See example
(J. Smith, personal communication, August 15, 2009)



Effect of intraoperative mitomycin-C on healthyLi-Quan Zhao, MD, Rui-Li Wei, MD, Xiao-Ye Ma, MD, Huang Zhu, MDPURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of mitomycin-C (MMC) on corneal endothelial cells after laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK). SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Changzheng Hospital, Shanghai, China. METHODS: One hundred seventy-four eyes of 89 patients who did not previo

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AcroYoga blends the spiritual wisdom of yoga, the loving kindness of Thai massage, and the dynamic power of Acrobatics. These three ancient lineages form this practice that cultivates trust, connection and playfulness. There are 7 main elements that make up the practice: circle ceremony, asana, partner flow, Thai massage, therapeutic flying, inversions & spotting,

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