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Inca xpress peru tarapaca 226 miraflores – lima – peru tel: 51-1-97290059, 51-1-4479519 usa 1-305-433-2528 e-mail: info@perutravel



CHOQUEQUIRAO TREK, THE GOLDEN CRADDLE

Dossier Note
This Dossier was last updated as per the version date above. The itinerary and other details may change over
time so they may differ slightly from the brochure or may change between the date of dossier printing and the
start date of your trip. Any further amendments will be advised to you at the start of your tour.
Arrival Instructions
Jorge Chavez International Airport in Callao Lima is approximately a 45-minute drive from the Miraflores
district, where most of the main hotels are located. The easiest way to get there is via taxi. Immediately
passing after the customs and immigration area, as you head to the exits, you will find a taxi stand; is not
recommendable to take a taxi, under any circumstances, out of the passenger’s restricted area. You can pay
for the car at set rates (about $20 USD) and won’t need to worry about sorting out a ride outside the airport
facilities, where the situation tends to get more chaotic, with many drivers vying for few clients. There is
money exchange facilities open 24 hours in the Arrivals area. If you are arriving from abroad and have paid in
advance for an arrival transfer, an Inca Xpress Peru representative will meet you at the airport. If no one is
there, wait for a prudential time, we always are there but the chaos may us seem lost; do not take a public
taxi, just go downward your steps and take an official taxi in the restricted area; we will reimburse you. If you
have not paid for an arrival transfer, the best way to get into town is by public taxi. If your taxi driver does not
speak English and you do not speak Spanish, simply show driver the hotel address to simplify communications.
Please note that Day 1, in some tours, is an arrival day and no activities are planned for that day so you may
arrive at any time. However, we strongly recommend that you arrive in Lima early on Day 1, as this will give
you the opportunity to rest and see a little of Lima before heading south Cusco. The last day is a departure
day in which no activities have been planned.
Your leader will contact you at the hotel on Day 1 and make sure you are settled comfortably. If you arrive
late, s/he will leave you a message detailing what time and where you should meet the next morning. Your
Tour Leader will also organize a short meeting soon after arrival, during which you will meet other tour
participants and receive information about general and specific aspects of the trip.
Local Emergency Contact
Contact in Lima: Calle Tarapaca 226 Miraflores, Lima, Tel: Int. Dialing Code + 51 1 4479519, Tel/fax: Int.
Dialing Code + 51 1 4479519
Emergency Contact
Should you need to contact Inca Xpress Peru during a situation of dire need, we have 2 mobile lines which will
connect you directly with our on duty manager during the 24 hours. If for any reason you do not receive an
immediate answer, please leave a detailed message and contact information, so we may return your call and
assist you as soon as possible.
Our 2 mobile lines are: 97290059 and 96851994.
Itinerary
Special program Peru 2006
Tour Length: 05 days / 04 nights
Activities: Cultural, Archaeological
Spots to visit: Cusco, Choquequirao
Spectacular and distant, lonely and forgotten, Choquequirao at 3,085 m.a.s.l. is built at the top of a mountain
almost untouched in the province of La Concepción, department of Cusco. This fact explains why it became,
along 40 years, the last resistance point of the Sun's children who were looking for shelter under its stone
walls when Manco Inca, the rebel Inca, was defeated. Some of the impressive features of Choquequirao, the
other Machu Picchu, are the amazing stone walls protecting it, the greenness of their fabulous land shelves,
and all that atmosphere charged with energy probably coming from old ceremonies where they adored the
Sun. Its palaces and temples in two levels, systems of fountains, canals and aqueducts and its fantastic land
INCA XPRESS PERU TARAPACA 226 MIRAFLORES – LIMA – PERU Tel: 51-1-97290059, 51-1-4479519 USA 1-305-433-2528
shelves covered by thick vegetation were presumably built during the Inca Pachacutec government ( XV
century) and it is only compared to Machu Picchu, the most visited archaeological site in Peru.
Choquequirao is divided into two zones and its stone buildings are forming small villages. The governors'
houses and the main temple are located around its main square.
Researcher’s state that the complex has been an important religious, politic and economic centre as well as a
commercial and cultural link among the Coast, the Highlands and the Jungle; however, the real magnificence
of Choquequirao (in quechua chuqui k ' iraw: golden cradle) is still unveiled. Only thirty percent of the 1,810
hectares of the complex has been "rescued" by the thick vegetation which during years, maybe centuries,
covered this real Inca jewel. Being "rediscovered" and then forgotten is the especial story of Choquequirao,
the last Inca shelter. In 1768, Cosme Bueno, an Spaniard historian, was the first person to announce its
existence. The French Eugene de Santiges and Leone Angrad did the same in XIX century. In 1911, Hiram
Bingham, who discovered Machu Picchu the same year, acknowledged the importance of its buildings. Besides
the archaeological and historical value of Choquequirao, the Inca "golden cradle", we can also find a beautiful
environment of geographic features and biodiversity adding a new attraction for the visitors who are able to
watch the ostentatious condor flight as well as the heavy walk of the spectacle beard. Arriving at
Choquequirao is a demanding adventure which stars in a road trip from Cusco to the town of Cachora
(Apurimac) beginning in a zigzag 30 kilometers trail to arrive at the historical building. The adventure to
Choquequirao, from Cachora is about 60 kilometres round trip; it lasts four endless walking days in which we
can also ride a horse.
Day 1 CUSCO - QACHORA
Breakfast, early pick up from the Hotel to begin the trip until the town of Cachora, in the itinerary we will stop
to take a break in the town of Lima Tambo, the trip continues to the bridge Cunyac, limit of the departments
of Cusco and Apurímac. Curawasi is the district where we will have lunch (13.30 approx.) and to continue soon
after until Qachora where we will have the first day of camp; dinner and overnight.
Day 2 QACHORA - SANTA ROSA
After the typical breakfast, we continue walking for a path of soft slope and to arrive to the step of the hill
Waywaqalli at 3800 m. where we begin to descend toward the river Apurímac where we will be arriving
around noon to have lunch and to continue for space of 2 hours in a strong ascent until Santa Rosa and after
one hour arrive to the spot where is set of the second camp.
Day 3 - SANTA ROSA - CHOQUEQUIRAO
This day we will get up at the very early morning to ascent toward the archaeological complex of
Choquequirao, traversing Marampata and then to continue for one hour through a soft gradient. The
archaeological remains of Choquequirao will be visited the rest of the day always accompanied with the guide
who wisely will explain about this important Inca refuge. At suitable hour we begin the return to our camp
where we will have dinner.
Day 4 CHOQUEQUIRAO - QACHORA - CUSCO
A good breakfast will be served in Santa Rosa and return for the same road toward the town from Cachora
where will be arriving approximately at 3 pm, in the itinerary will appreciate flora and exotic fauna as well as
seen the imposing and impressive Canyon of the Apurímac. In the afternoon we wil rest at the medicinal
thermal water of Qoncoq; then the trip continues to the city of Cusco where we will be arriving at late evening.
Transfer to the Hotel.
This trek is just a “little bit” more demanding than a regular Inca Trail for example, and horses can be used to
carry food and equipment. But it is worth it! There are just a few tourist and you probably won’t meet them,
and better scenery and views!
Departures: Everyday throughout the year.
Recommended months to do the hike: From April to December.
Inclusions:
* Collection from your hotel in the morning
* Private car to the start of the trail
* Choquequirao entrance fee.
INCA XPRESS PERU TARAPACA 226 MIRAFLORES – LIMA – PERU Tel: 51-1-97290059, 51-1-4479519 USA 1-305-433-2528 * English speaking professional guide. * Igloo tents - 2 persons in each 4-person capacity tent with plenty of space for your backpacks * Double thickness foam mattress * Cook and cooking equipment * Meals (04B, 04L, 04D) - food includes pancakes, omelets, soups, fresh fruit, avocado, pasta, chicken, fish, meat, rice, all rich in carbohydrates and suitable for trekking, hot drinks including coca leaf tea which is excellent for the altitude. * Teatime everyday (tea, coffee, biscuits, popcorn) * Porters (to carry the tents, food, and cooking equipment) * Dining tent with camp tables and chairs * Kitchen tent * Accommodation for our porters and cooks * First aid kit including emergency oxygen bottle Not included: * Sleeping bags can be hired in our office for US$8 for the 4 day trek. * Tips for the guide, cook and porters What you need to bring/carry: * Backpack, * Sleeping bag (can be hired from our office for US$2 per day) * Sleeping mattress (we will provide you with this) * Rain jacket or poncho (plastic ponchos can be purchased in Cusco for a few dollars) * Strong, comfortable footwear * One complete change of clothing (you can afford to carry more changes of clothing if you hire a personal porter, see options below) * Sweater and jacket (something warm) * Water bottle and purification tablets (Micropur are recommended and can be bought in local pharmacies in Cusco) * Flashlight and batteries * Hat or cap to protect you from the sun * Sun block (sun protection cream) * Insects repellent * Toiletries, towel and toilet paper * Selection of small snacks, chocolate, dried fruit, biscuits etc, * Camera, plenty of film and spare batteries * You also need to bring your original passport on the trail. Options: (1) Personal porters can be hired to help carry your personal items such as clothes, sleeping bag etc. They can be hired for $70 for all 4 days and will carry up to a maximum of 18kg (usually 1 porter between 2 persons is more than sufficient). You can hire the services of a half a porter to carry up to 9kg for US$35. However, even with a personal porter, you will still need to bring a day pack for essential items. About 30% of the group usually has personal porters to help them. If you hire a porter we will provide you with a sack to put your items in to give to the porter. This extra porter will help you carry: duffle bag or sack (we will provide you with this), sleeping bag, mattress (we will provide you with this), clothing, sweater, jacket, wooly hat, scarf, gloves (something warm for at night), flashlight and batteries, toiletries. Your personal porter, however, wil not walk at your side so you will still need to bring a day pack for essential items. You will meet up with your porter at lunch time and at the campsite late in the afternoon. Equipment to be carried by yourselves: small day pack, water bottle and sterilizing tablets, warm sweater, broad-brim or peaked cap, sun protection cream, insect repellent, toilet paper, selection of small snacks for the day etc, camera, lightweight plastic poncho just in case of rain (can be bought in Cusco for US$1) Important note: You must decide if you want to hire the services of a personal porter in advance when making your trek reservation since we need to purchase the porter's trekking permit. You cannot decide to hire an additional porter once you arrive in Cusco. Vegetarian Food We can provide vegetarian meals or cater for special diets with no extra cost. Just let us know at least 2 days prior to trek departure. INCA XPRESS PERU TARAPACA 226 MIRAFLORES – LIMA – PERU Tel: 51-1-97290059, 51-1-4479519 USA 1-305-433-2528
Sleeping bag hire. If you haven't got a sleeping bag or you don't want the hassle of bringing one with you
then we have sleeping bags in our office for rent. The price is US$2 per person per day.
Other information:
(1) Luggage storage. When you go on the trek it is best to leave any luggage that you are not going to need
behind in Cusco. Nearly all the hotels in Cusco provide a secure luggage deposit. Put any valuables in their
safe. Very rarely do hotels charge for this service especially if you are returning to the same hotel after the
trek. If there are any problems with your hotel we can arrange to store your luggage at our office.

General Conditions and Policy

Rates and Tour prices
All rates are quoted in US Dollars and are based on tariffs, cost and rates of exchange known in December
2005 and expected to be in effect at time of departure. Accordingly they are subject to increase without notice
if such rates change prior to departure. Circuits tours price include costs of planning, communications,
administration and documentation. An additional handling of US 10.00 charge will apply when the reservation
only involve airline ticketing. All rates are per person except in Hotels Rates section where rates are per room.
Reservations
An e-mail to info@perutravel.org is required to make any reservation; you must specify names and last names
and passport number, nationality and age. For trips booking during high season (From June through end of
November) is highly recommended to made reservations with a minimum of 5-15 days prior to departure. For
groups during high season bookings must be done with a minimum of 45 days. For individual travelers during
low season reservations may be done with 24 hrs in advance at our on_duty@perutravel.org office.
Deposits and Payments
Is not required any payment at time of booking, however we will require the full payment prior arrival, unless
agree in other conditions.
WE DO NOT ACCEPT CREDIT CARDS OR PERSONAL CHECKS UNDER ANY CONCEPT.
Money transfer cost will be at passengers account.
Cancellations
Refunds will be made for written cancellations received up to 30 days prior to departure.
30 days-15 days prior to departure 30 %
14 days-1 day prior to departure 50 %
On departure day and No-Show, no refund will be made under any concept.
Amendments
A fee of US $ 15 for extra handling is charge if passengers amend arrangements, held or cancel and rebook
for another departure.
Refunds
Due the high cost of handling and processing, no refunds are paid for any unused portions of the tour if
passengers amend or delete any arrangements during the operation of any tour. If any refunds may be due
because of circumstances beyond the control of the tour operator or the passenger, application must be
lodged within 30 days of return. No refunds will be made for occasional missed meals or sightseeing tours.
Refunds are made on the basis of cost of services not used and not on per day basis. There are not refunds,
under any concept, for missed bus tickets. Air ticketing refunds are under the airline policy. Hotels have they
own refund policy and refunds will be under this policy.
Inclusions
In case of tour packages are included all land transport where explicitly specified, bilingual guides, entrance
fees, sightseeing and transfers where specified. Twin - bedded accommodations with private bath and shower
wil be provided at hotels listed. If a change becomes necessary for any reason, hotels substitute will be the
equivalent of those selected. The prices for single room are listed with the prices of each itinerary as the item
SWB. Note, however, that single rooms may occasionally be less comfortable than twins. Single rooms are not
available with adventure tours. All hotels listed on the tours are including standard hotel Breakfast. Meals are
INCA XPRESS PERU TARAPACA 226 MIRAFLORES – LIMA – PERU Tel: 51-1-97290059, 51-1-4479519 USA 1-305-433-2528
included as specified in each itinerary. Hotels services charges and Tax are included. Outdoor trips are
including all gear camp, all meals, porters, transport, first aid kit.
Not included
Air ticketing, airport departure taxes, tips to local guides, any liquor or wines or beverages stocked in hotel
minibars, laundry, phones calls, excess baggage charges, optional excursions or other item of personal nature,
personal insurance of any kind.
Inca Xpress Peru - Liability
Inca Xpress Peru and / or their agents and / or supplier of services pursuant to or in connection with these
itineraries shall act only as agents for the passengers in making arrangements for hotels, transportation,
restaurants or airlines. Inca Xpress Peru shall not assume any liability for any injure, damage, death, loss or
delay to any passenger or its property due to an act of God or default of any hotel, airline or land
transportation company or person rendering the services included in the purchased tour. Inca Xpress Peru will
not assume any expenses due to flight cancellation, strikes, or amends due to passengers will. Inca Xpress
Peru shall be not responsible for any lost or damage to the passengers or their properties caused by
supernatural forces, fires, shortcomings of machineries or equipments, government actions or authorities;
wars- are they or not declared- hostilities, civil disturbances, strikes, robbery, looting, deceits, swindles,
epidemics, quarantines, delays or cancellations, change of itineraries or schedules. Inca Xpress Peru or anyone
of their subsidiary or affiliated companies shall be not become responsible for any additional expense or
responsibility in which the passenger incurs as consequence of anyone of the mentioned causes. Inca Xpress
Peru declares expressly that it only acts as an agent among the travelers and the entities and the people in
charge to render the services; consequently it declines all responsibility for the following deficiencies that may
will present in anyone of the rendered services, or any kind of irregularities that may take place during the
execution of the services such as: flights delays, connection impossibility, over- bookings in airlines or hotels,
neither for any accident, damage, wound or death. When the trip is carried out in vehicles belonging to thirds,
in the event of accident the passengers will undergo expressly to the legislation as regards accidents of the
country where it occurs and where is registered the vehicle. The airlines, cruises or terrestrial companies
intervening in the execution of the programs are the only ones responsible for such events that may occur
while the passengers are on board of their respective vehicles. When the passengers appreciates in site the
non - execution or the bad execution of the purchased services must notify it in writing immediately in the
term of 48 hours to Inca Xpress Peru, otherwise it will suppose that the passenger is who should prove the
non fulfillment of the contract to a competent Tribunal. In the event of strike on the part of one or more of
the suppliers Inca Xpress Peru commits to carry out all the efforts in benefit to the affected passengers, being
the economic incidences that could be to the sole account of the passengers. The sole fact of a booking and /
or the issuance of tickets, travel vouchers or / and coupons imply the total observance of the passenger in all
respects of these terms and conditions.
Fitness & Mobility
Inca Xpress Peru small group tours bring together people of all ages. It is very important you are aware that,
as a minimum, an 'average level of fitness and mobility' is required to undertake our easiest programs.
Passengers must be able to walk without the aid of another person, climb 3-4 flights of stairs, step on and off
small boats, and carry their own luggage. Travelers over the age of 60 are required to complete a short
medical questionnaire, which must be signed by their physician. This is to ensure that senior travelers have the
necessary fitness and mobility to comfortably complete their chosen program. Our tour leaders work hard to
ensure that all our travelers are catered for equally; please note that it is not their responsibility to help
individuals who cannot complete the day's activities unaided.
TRIP PREPARATION
Please contact your physician, or travel clinic for the most up-to-date health requirements. All countries require
a valid passport (with minimum 6 months validity). Contact your local embassy, or consulate for the most up-
to-date visa requirements, or see your travel agent. IT'S YOUR RESPONSIBILITY IS TO HAVE THE
CORRECT TRAVEL DOCUMENTATION.

Health
INCA XPRESS PERU TARAPACA 226 MIRAFLORES – LIMA – PERU Tel: 51-1-97290059, 51-1-4479519 USA 1-305-433-2528
We recommend you contact your family physician, or your local travel clinic for the most up-to-date health
information at least one month before departure. Travelers should also carry a basic first-aid kit. Proof of
Yellow Fever inoculation will be required before you depart for the Amazon. You should be aware that there is
a 10 to 15 day period before the inoculation becomes fully effective.
Safety and Security
Travelers must exercise common sense and caution at all times. Tourists should stick to set travel
arrangements and avoid unknown areas. Always keep a photocopy of your passport, airline tickets and a
record of your travelers' checks and credit card numbers separate from where you keep the originals.
What to Take
You wil be on the move a lot, so our advice is to pack as lightly as possible. Your baggage should be clearly
labeled and restricted to one soft compact suitcase, or sports bag, maximum 15kg, plus a daypack. Luggage
limits on airlines are strictly enforced and space on vehicles is limited. Porters are not often available, so be
prepared to carry your own bags. Most people automatically assume that the weather is hot in South America,
but because of the higher altitude in the Andes, the temperature can feel quite cold, especially at night. We
recommend the use of a duffel bag or backpack, whichever is easiest for you to carry. A good size daypack is
also essential.
Suggested Items:
• Fleece top
• Windproof/waterproof jacket
• Small towel and swim wear
• 4 shirts and t-shirts
• Sun hat
• 1 pair of shorts
• 2 pairs of long trousers
• 1 pair hiking pants/track pants
• Hiking boots/ sturdy walking shoes
• Sport sandals
• Sun block
• Sunglasses
• Toiletries (biodegradable)
• Watch or alarm clock
• Water bottle
• Purification tablets or filters
• Flashlight
• Money Belt
• First-aid kit (should contain lip salve, Aspirin, Band Aids, anti-histamine, Imodium or similar tablets for mild
cases of diarrhea, re-hydration powder, extra prescription drugs you may be taking).
Also recommended for this trip:
• Inner sheet (for sleeping bag)
• Wool hat, mitts or gloves (preferably waterproof)
• Rain poncho
• Strong plastic bags to help keep gear dry
• Sleeping bag (this can also be hired locally for approx. $10 USD)
• Mattress (a foam mattress is included as part of the hike; self inflating type mattresses are available for hire)
• Anti-inflammatory tablets (e.g. Ibuprofen)
• Thermal underwear
All other camping equipment for the Inca Trail hike is provided and included in the cost of the excursion.
Porters carry the gear, so you will only be responsible for carrying your daypack. But please be aware there
are weight limits on what the porters can carry, thus every passenger is limited to 7 kg, including sleeping
bags.
Optional Items:
Camera and film, reading/writing material, binoculars, cover for backpacks, pocket knife
INCA XPRESS PERU TARAPACA 226 MIRAFLORES – LIMA – PERU Tel: 51-1-97290059, 51-1-4479519 USA 1-305-433-2528
Documents:
• Passport (with photocopies)
• Travel insurance (with photocopies)
• Airline tickets (with photocopies)
• USD cash and travelers cheques
• Credit or debit card (see personal spending money)
• INXS vouchers, pre-departure information and dossier
• Any entry visas or vaccination certificates required
SPENDING MONEY
How much money you take is obviously a personal matter. If you intend to purchase many souvenirs, or if you
enjoy dining out, we would recommend that you take much more than the suggested daily average.
Credit cards and debit cards are very useful for cash advances. Visa cards are the most widely accepted cards.
While ATMs are widely available, there are no guarantees that your credit or debit cards will actually work in
Latin America. Check with your bank. You should be aware that to purchase products or services on a credit
card a fee of 5%-10% usually applies.
Do not rely on credit or debit cards as your only source of money, a combination of US dol ar cash, travelers’
cheques and cards is best. Always take more rather than less, as you don't want to spoil the trip by constantly
feeling short of funds.
Paying Locally
Some of our adventure tours involve a local payment. Paying locally allows us to keep the overall cost of our
tours competitive and pass the savings on to you. These funds are put towards local expenses. In some
developing countries the transferring of funds is at times problematic so this is a way to help us serve you
whilst saving you money. Payment is to be made to your leader upon arrival.
Tipping
Tipping is an expected - though not compulsory - component of your tour program and an expression of
satisfaction with the persons who have assisted you on your tour. Although it may not be customary to you, it
is of considerable significance to the people who wil take care of you during your travels. There are several
times during the trip where there is opportunity to tip the local guides or drivers. You may do this individually,
or your Tour Leader wil offer to col ect the money and tip as a group. Also at the end of each trip, if you felt
your Inca Xpress Peru Tour Leader did an outstanding job, tipping is always appreciated.
Budget
Departure Tax - $28 USD, local flights airport tax USD $ 5
Optional Activities
Optional activity prices are subject to change and can fluctuate in relation to the high/low season and the
number of people on a specific excursion. Not all excursions listed here may be available, due to season, or
weather conditions. As generally not a lot of time is spent in start/end cities, you may want to arrange to
arrive early, or stay longer after the trip in order to allow sufficient time to participate in optional activities
there.
All prices are per person in US dollar amounts.
SOME HISTORY AND TRIP NOTES
Founded by Francisco Pizarro, on the Day of the Three Kings (Epiphany) in 1535, Lima is known as the City of
Kings. It is Peru’s capital city and as such, deserves a visit. The Plaza de Armas is the heart of old Lima and
there you’ll find the Cathedral, Government Palace and Archbishop’s Palace. The Cathedral dates back to the
1700s and houses the remains of the conquistador Pizarro. To get a feel for colonial Lima, take a cab to the
Plaza de Armas and watch the changing of the Palace Guard in the afternoon. Walk around the streets
surrounding the Jirón de la Union, for great examples of Spanish-colonial architecture and to experience life in
a large South American city.
There are many fine museums in and around the city, including the Museo Rafael Larco Herrera, which houses
an equally impressive collection of pottery, mummies and textiles from the Paracas and Nazca cultures. An
optional city tour visits many of the city’s highlights.
INCA XPRESS PERU TARAPACA 226 MIRAFLORES – LIMA – PERU Tel: 51-1-97290059, 51-1-4479519 USA 1-305-433-2528 The more affluent coastal districts of Miraflores, Barranco and San Isidro offer good night life and cafés. The Limeños are friendly and the city’s many interesting museums, churches, markets, restaurants and night life wil surely entice you. Seafood lovers should be sure and try a ceviche, for which Lima is wel known. NOTE: Care should be taken when wandering around on your own in central Lima as some areas can be dangerous and pickpockets are daring. Pisco is just a few hours south from Lima, along the Pan American Highway. It gives its name to the white grape brandy produced in the region and is a fairly important port town. If you haven’t tried the national drink, Pisco Sour, then this is the place to do it. While the town itself is of considerable historical and archaeological interest, we also use it as a starting point for an optional visit to the Ballestas Islands, where you may observe the sea lion colonies, penguins and a variety of other birds. The pleasant colonial town of Ica enjoys a dry sunny climate and is known for its huge sand dunes, which we visit on the way to Nazca. Apart from the dunes, the town is well known for its wines and there are several wineries and distilleries in the area. The entire coastal desert area was also once the home for the Paracas and the Nazca cultures, which preceded the Incas by more than half a millennia. Remains of the Nazca culture are still visible during an optional tour of an ancient desert cemetery site, which also includes a visit to a pottery workshop. Further along, the road climbs slightly and we rise above the coastal mist to find one of the world's greatest archaeological mysteries, the lines of Nazca, an area of flat desert crisscrossed by lines, patterns, and pictures drawn in the sand. Some of these are as long as 10 km. Others depict birds and animals that are only recognizable from the air. Who drew the lines, and why, is something that modern archaeologists can only guess at. Current theories suggest that they may be part of a complex agricultural calendar. The best way to view the lines is from a light aircraft, with an optional flight. Flights are easily arranged and generally depart early in the morning, when the contrast in color on the desert is most striking. Peru’s second most important city is Arequipa, which maintains a traditional colonial style and more laid back pace in comparison to the capital. Built from a very light colored volcanic rock called sillar, the older buildings dazzle in the sun, thus the nickname, “the White City.” The main plaza, with its cafés and nearby cathedral, is a top draw for visitors. Those with an interest in history and architecture can take an optional visit to the Convent of Santa Catalina. The Convent offers a brief respite from the outside world and a unique view into a by-gone way of life. Spectacular mountains surround Arequipa, the most famous of which is El Misti Volcano, at 5822 m (19096 ft) and with a beautiful snow-capped peak. The surrounding villages also deserve a visit where we can see first hand the traditions of the people of this region. En route to see the Colca Canyon, we relax in the town of Chivay for two nights and have time to visit the local thermal baths (optional). The drive to Chivay is remarkable because of the extensive Inca and pre-Inca terracing that go on for kilometers. Once at the Canyon, with a little luck, we will be able to see condors and possibly 3 different species of camels, including alpacas, llamas and vicuñas. . The viewing area is a natural “Mirador” (scenic lookout), where we look out over the river flowing 1200m (3936 ft) below. A scenic journey over the Andes, takes us to Puno. When we arrive in Puno, you may be affected by the altitude which is 3830m (12562 ft)). It may take a little time to acclimatize to this, but before long you probably will not even notice it. Just take it easy for the first day or two, and cut back on alcohol and cigarette consumption to minimize the symptoms. You may also find that your appetite is reduced. This is no cause for alarm; it is just a reaction to the altitude. Be sure to drink plenty of water and do not attempt too much in any given day. Puno is the place, at the highest altitude of any that we visit. As a result the weather can also be extreme with very cold nights, and dry hot days. There is not a lot to see in Puno itself, however there are several good spots offering scenic views of Lake Titicaca and the town. Puno is also known for its wealth of traditional dances. There are up to 100 different varieties, usually performed in the street processions celebrating Catholic feast days. You may see these celebrations if you’re fortunate enough to be visiting at the appropriate time. A popular optional activity in Puno is a visit to the spectacular chullpas (funerary towers) of Sillustani, a pre-Inca archeological site. Lake Titicaca, at 3820m (12529 ft), is often touted as the highest navigable lake in the world. However this is not entirely true. It is simply the best known. Nevertheless, measuring 170 km (106 miles) in length, it is the largest lake in South America and is also the largest lake in the world, above 2000m (6560 ft). The views from both Amantani and Taquile Islands are stunning. Our first stop on Lake Titicaca is the floating islands of the Uros people. The Uros began their unusual floating existence centuries ago in an effort to isolate themselves from the Collas and the Incas. INCA XPRESS PERU TARAPACA 226 MIRAFLORES – LIMA – PERU Tel: 51-1-97290059, 51-1-4479519 USA 1-305-433-2528 Sadly the Uros language has died out and today they speak Aymara due to the intermarriage with Aymara-speakers. Today about 300 people live on the islands, however their numbers are slowly declining. The Totora reeds, which grow in the shallows of the lake, are used for making everything from the islands themselves to the model boats that the islanders sell. The islands are made up of layers upon layers of reeds. As the layerclosest to the water start to rot, they are replaced with fresh reeds on top. They also use the reeds to build their boats, which if constructed well, will last up to 6 months. Taquile is rich in culture. The peoples’ unique style of dress and lifestyle will definitely make for a memorable visit. You’ll see the men of the community doing all the knitting, as this is strictly a male domain, while the women do the spinning. High quality, locally knitted goods are available for purchase at various cooperatives on the island. Despite the short distance that separates the two islands, Amantani is quite distinct. Its soil is a rich terra cotta red, due to the high iron deposits, which contrasts brightly with the deep azure blue of the lake and sky, and greenery of the local crops. For the night we split into smaller groups and billet into family homes to learn about their style of living. From Puno we will take either a local bus or train around Lake Titicaca and through the Altiplano to the Inca capital of Cusco. Cusco is the hub of the South American travel network. The city attracts thousands of travelers who come not just to visit a unique destination but also to experience an age-old culture that is very different from their 21st century way of life. One could easily spend a week just in and around this area. Cusco is the continent’s oldest continuously inhabited city. Inca built stone walls line most of the central streets and you don't have to go far to see other Inca ruins, as it is a city steeped in history, tradition, and legend. Cusco’s numerous colonial churches are one of the most common sights, the main one being the Cathedral. It was started in 1559 and took 100 years to build. It is also one of the city’s greatest repositories of colonial art. Immediately in front of the entrance is a vault containing the remains of the famous Inca historian, Garcilazo de la Vega. Also worth visiting, are the churches of La Compañía, La Merced and San Francisco. While most ruins are just outside of the city, the main ruin within, is that of the Koricancha, once the Inca Empire's richest temple. This ruin forms the base of the colonial church of Santo Domingo. During Inca times, this temple was literally covered with gold, but within months of the arrival of the first conquistadors, this incredible wealth had all been melted down. It is left to the individual imagination to envision the magnificence of the original structure. There are several good museums in Cusco, including the Archaeological Museum, which also houses a small art museum, the Regional History Museum, and the Religious Art Museum. The best advice in exploring Cusco is to wear a comfortable pair of shoes, armed with a city map, and set off to explore! Among the more adventurous optional activities available in Cusco include; horseback riding around archeological sites such as Sacsayhuaman, Tambo Machay, Puca Pucara, whitewater rafting on the Urubamba, and mountain biking down to the Sacred Valley, and perhaps visiting an Inca ruin along the way. For those interested in a challenging but worthwhile hike, the Inca Trail is exceptional; however you must be prepared for it! It is a 40-km (25 mile) hike, which takes 3 full days to complete. There are 3 high passes to be crossed, one of which reaches an elevation of 4200m (13776 ft). The trail is often steep, and it may rain even during the dry season. The temperatures at night may fall below zero, so it is important to come prepared. The scenery in this part of the Andes is breathtaking and you will enjoy the views from every corner you turn. There is no way to describe the feeling of the first views of Choquequirao, as the mist rises off the mountains early in the morning and the famous ruin appears in front of you. We usually begin the hike at km82. Porters will carry a lot of the gear for the hike, so those passengers doing the hike will only have to carry a small daypack with water, rain gear, snacks, a camera, etc. As you begin the hike you will be passing smaller ruin sites the first of which is Llactapata. The second day you will climb the long steep path to Warmiwañusca, or Dead Woman’s Pass. At 4198 m (13769 ft) above sea level, this pass is the highest point of the trek. The second pass (Runkuracay) of the hike is at 3998 m(13113 ft), where on clear days, we enjoy superb views of the snow-capped Cordillera Vilcabamba. The trail goes through some beautiful cloud forest on the gentle climb to the third pass, where you will walkthrough a causeway and a tunnel, both original Inca constructions. The highest point of the third pass is at3700m (12136 ft). You’ll be rewarded by devastatingly beautiful views of the Urubamba Valley below (on clear days). Soon you will reach the serene looking ruins of Phuyupatamarca, or the 'town above the clouds', at about 3650 m (11972 ft) above sea level. We camp for the final night close to Wiñay Wayna (Forever Young) ruins, a grandiose terraced hillside site, with panoramic views of the valley below and just a short hike from Choquequirao. Choquequirao is both the best and the least known of the Inca ruins. It is not mentioned in any of the chronicles of the Spanish conquistadors and archaeologists today can do no more than speculate on its function. Choquequirao was a known ruin for centuries by the local Quechua farmers in the area. It was not until the American historian Hiram Bingham, in search of Vilcabamba, was led to the site by an 11 year old boy, on July 24, 1911, that the rest of the world became aware of its existence. INCA XPRESS PERU TARAPACA 226 MIRAFLORES – LIMA – PERU Tel: 51-1-97290059, 51-1-4479519 USA 1-305-433-2528
At that time it was covered in thick vegetation. Bingham and his team returned in 1912 and 1915 to clear the
growth. Over the years, a lot of work has been done on excavating and studying the site. Despite these
efforts, many unanswered questions remain. You have the better part of the day to explore the site before
returning by train to Cusco, for the night. Discover and try to solve some of the mystery of Choquequirao! The
next leg of the tour takes us from the heights of Choquequirao and Cusco, to the Amazon lowlands of Puerto
Maldonado. About half of Peru is located within the Amazon basin. However, due to its isolation, it is not
generally available to the casual travelers. The Tambopata Candamo Reserved Zone is a 1.50 million hectare
area in southeastern Amazonian Peru, created in 1990 by the national government working in partnership with
local grassroots and international conservation organizations. The reserve protects the biological diversity of
the entire watersheds of the Tavara and the Candamo Rivers and most of the watershed of the Tambopata
River. The zone protects habitats ranging from the Andean highlands around the rivers' headwaters through
some of the last remaining intact cloud forests to the lowland rainforests of the Amazon basin. Over 1,300 bird
species (including 32 parrot species - 10% of the world’s total), 200 mammal species, 90 frog species, 1,200
butterfly species, and 10,000 species of higher plants are protected within this reserve. One of the main towns
is Puerto Maldonado which is serviced by air from Cusco. It is situated at the confluence of the Madre de Dios
and Tambopata Rivers and is a bustling, booming tropical frontier town. Its principal activities are gold mining,
Brazil nut collecting, timber extraction, agriculture and ecotourism. It is here that we fly, before we proceed by
boat deeper into the jungle of the Tambopata Forest Reserve. The lodge we stay at is located on the
Tambopata River, two hours by boat from Puerto Maldonado. There are plenty of nature trails around the
lodge and you can spend as much time as you wish bird watching and exploring the jungle. Moreover, local
naturalist guides are on hand to help identify and explain the flora and fauna of the area. Accommodation is in
simple, comfortable bungalows, with private cold showers. Don’t expect electricity. A Word on Sustainable
Travel.We hope that one of the joys of traveling with Inca Xpress Peru will be in meeting the local people
and traveling to more remote areas. Unfortunately, tourism can radically alter what it was that inspired the
industry in the first place. It is for this reason that we as travelers have a responsibility to minimize our impact
on the people and environments we enjoy.
Through our examples and attitudes we can ensure that our visits have minimal impact on the environment
and that we foster positive cultural exchanges between ourselves and our local hosts. We thank you for your
efforts in helping us act responsibly in our travels and hope that these guidelines assist you in having a
wonderful trip!
Final Note
The information compiled and related to places and sightseeing in this dossier is provided in good faith. Due to
the nature of travel, this information can and will change. The information supplied therefore must be taken as
an indication only and not as a contractual obligation on the part of the company.
INCA XPRESS PERU TARAPACA 226 MIRAFLORES – LIMA – PERU Tel: 51-1-97290059, 51-1-4479519 USA 1-305-433-2528

Source: http://www.perutouristinformation.net/pdf/choque_trek.pdf

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KING, Justice, for the Court: ¶ 1. The Hancock County Chancery Court granted Stacy Ruth Carambat a divorce from James Edward Carambat on the ground of habitual and excessive drug use. Aggrieved, James appeals, arguing that the chancellor erred by granting the divorce, because his marijuana use did not affect the marriage, was not excessive, and was not akin to using opium, morphine, or othe

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