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Ps_hoberman

UW-Rock County
Philosophy of Sport
Stephen E. Schmid
UW-Rock County
Philosophy of Sport
• What's the difference between licit and illicit drug use? • Where is the line between these instances of drug use?• Where is the line between performance enhancers that are • "The never-ending contest between the performance principle and the cultural restraints that work against it blurs the line separating the licit and the illicit." (237) Stephen E. Schmid
UW-Rock County
Philosophy of Sport
• Late 19th c.: Cyclists given alcohol and kola nuts. Scientists expressed no ethical concerns but saw it as research • Early 20th c.: Ethical condemnation of doping as sports become • 1970s: Modern doping bans implemented.
• 2012: USADA Antidoping Agency Report reveals systemic Stephen E. Schmid
UW-Rock County
Philosophy of Sport
• Part of the challenge in drawing the line between the licit and illicit is to distinguish between . . .
• Natural vs. Artificial• Nutrient vs. Stimulant• Therapy vs. Enhancement • Rehabilitation vs. Performance Enhancement• Healing vs. Improving • What are deviations from "a natural way of life" and which are Stephen E. Schmid
UW-Rock County
Philosophy of Sport
• Coined by Peter Kramer in his Listening to Prozac • Pharmacological Calvinism: "a general mistrust of drugs used • The problem is that within the therapeutic model and modern medicine, the distinction is unclear between treating specific disorders or illnesses versus treatments for cosmetic or general enhancement • Prozac for mood treatment vs. Prozac for sports • Drugs for daily stress vs. drugs for performance anxiety• Hormones (testosterone) for therapy vs. hormones for Stephen E. Schmid
UW-Rock County
Philosophy of Sport
• Building off of Kramer, Hoberman notes the same cycle of • Initial discovery leads to ethical doubt which leads to therapeutic concern which culminates in transformative ambition • Hoberman sees the real ethical issues arising in the transformative phase, the phase where science/medicine moves beyond therapy to enhancement • "Supplementary nutrition" is the new phrase describing the treatment of common aging problems with drugs Stephen E. Schmid
UW-Rock County
Philosophy of Sport
• Dual-use drugs are those that can be used for both therapy (for "the enfeebled") and for enhancement (for "the powerful") • Hoberman thinks the "gentrification" of these types of drugs will 1. The drugs will become more broadly used as they are marketed to a 2. "Gentrification will also undermine the campaign against doping in • The "hard line" against doping will soften 3. Gentrification will lead to a slippery slope and blur the lines between the licit and illicit uses of genetic engineering Stephen E. Schmid

Source: http://seschmid.org/PS/PS_Hoberman_2up.pdf

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