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Microsoft word - ace website - why we can't trust exelon.docxWE SHOULD NOT TRUST
EXELON, THE COMPANY WITH A VESTED INTEREST,
CONTROLS ALL MONITORING, TESTING, AND REPORTING
FOR LIMERICK NUCLEAR POWER PLANT OPERATIONS.
THERE HAS NEVER BEEN COMPREHENSIVE CONTINUOUS INDEPENDENT
MONITORING, TESTING, OR REPORTING TO PROVIDE FULL AND ACCURATE
DISCLOSURE ON ALL LIMERICK NUCLEAR POWER PLANT HARMS AND THREATS
(PAST OR PRESENT).
ALL NRC CONCLUSIONS AND ASSURANCES ARE BASED ON EXELON’S BIASED
AND UNSUBSTANTIATED REPORTS. NRC NEVER DID MONITORING OR TESTING
AT LIMERICK NUCLEAR PLANT, EVEN THOUGH THE NUCLEAR REGULATORY
COMMISSION (NRC) IS RESPONSIBLE FOR PROTECTING US FROM LIMERICK’S
THREATS TO HEALTH AND SAFETY.
BECAUSE WE CAN'T TRUST BASELINE DATA, IT IS VIRTUALLY IMPOSSIBLE TO
ACTUALLY DETERMINE THE FULL EXTENT OF HEALTH AND SAFETY RISKS AND
HARMS WE WILL FACE IN THE FUTURE FROM LIVING IN THE REGION AROUND
LIMERICK NUCLEAR POWER PLANT. WE CAN'T BE SURE OF THE HARMS THAT
WILL BE CAUSED TO OUR HEALTH AND THE ENVIORNMENT FROM LIMERICK'S
ROUTINE RADIATION EMISSIONS, EVEN UNTIL LIMERICK’S ORIGINAL LICENSE
EXPIRES IN 2029.
THIS REPORT PROVIDES EXAMPLES OF WHY
EXELON CAN'T BE TRUSTED
TO PROVIDE FULL AND ACCURATE DISCLOSURE
OF PROBLEMS, HARMS, AND RISKS RELATED TO
LIMERICK NUCLEAR PLANT OPERATIONS.
Exelon's Monitoring, Testing, Reports, or Claims.
Water Intake, Consumption, Reporting, and Payments
1. Conflicting Water Withdrawal Claims:
69 million gallons per day in 1970
30 million gallons per day in the news reported October 8, 2008
56.2 million gallons pay day in previous and current DRBC dockets
2. Conflicting Claims About Water Emitted From Limerick's Cooling Towers:
35 million gallons per day in 1970
38,059,065 to 40,723,200 Gallons Per Day
(1/6/95 to EPA - Licensee Indicated Conservative Consumptive Flow Increase) 42 million gallons per day in current DRBC docket
35 million gallons per day - 1/06 Mercury and 6/17/08 to Pottstown
17.5 million gallons per day average use July 22, 2008 – Republican Herald
7 million gallons per day - October 8, 2008 – Mercury Special On Schuylkil River
3. Apparent Underreporting and Underpayment for Schuylkill River Water.
4. Leak in the Moat – Denial, Negligence, and Delay of a Meaningful Solution
Radioactive Groundwater at Exelon's nuclear plants in Illinois and New Jersey
Exelon's "Radioactive Watergate" Exelon failed to provide full, accurate, and timely
disclosure of leaking pipes and radioactive contaminated groundwater.
Braidwood Illinois – Exelon’s nuclear plant caused radioactive groundwater for many years
before the full extent of the threat was fully disclosed. 22 radioactive spills were inadequately
addressed and not fully disclosed from 1996 to 2005. Even when denial was no longer
possible, Exelon failed to clean up radioactive groundwater or provide residents with whole
house water filtration, Exelon simply bought bottled water for 600 people for 4 years. In March,
2010, at least 14 years after spills started, Exelon paid a minimal court settlement - but there is
NO CLEAN UP - Groundwater is still radioactive.
Oyster Creek, New Jersey - Oyster Creek caused southern NJ's main drinking water aquifer
to became highly radioactive from the nuclear plant’s radioactive leaks. The truth was not told
until 7 days after NRC relicensed the plant.
For Details on Exelon Deceptions Listed Above
Contact ACE For An Appointment To Visit The Office.
Exelon’s Unbelievable, Shameful Claims That Limerick Is Clean, Safe, and Reliable
Were Downloaded From Exelon’s Website 12-18-10
Exelon’s Claims For Limerick Nuclear Plant License Renewal Are
Exelon falsely claims Limerick is a “Clean Energy Source” Nuclear power is one of the dirtiest, most dangerous energy sources Limerick is a Major Air Polluter under the Clean Air Act 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, Limerick poisons the Schuylkill River with radioactive wastewater that is also loaded with other toxics Limerick has contaminated groundwater with radiation Radiation was detected in vegetation, fish, river sediment, soil, milk, and baby teeth. Exelon falsely claims to produce electricity “without producing greenhouse gas • Limerick Nuclear Plant continuously emits tons of PM-10 (a greenhouse gas) from two cooling towers and other sources • Limerick also uses boilers and generators that emit other greenhouse gases Exelon absurdly claims Limerick is a “Safe Energy Source” Nuclear power is the most dangerous of all energy sources Exelon cannot ensure or guarantee safety Exelon claims they invest in equipment and people to ensure safe plant operations In fact, Exelon has refused to implement the most stringent fire safety Exelon refuses to guard the nuclear plant against a 9/11 type terrorist attack Exelon’s commitment to meet safety standards is deceptive and meaningless. NRC has a long history of weakening standards when nuclear plants cannot or will not comply with existing standards. Exelon inaccurately claims to be an “Always-On Source” of electricity Nuclear plants are always on except when they are not Exelon is making a claim Limerick cannot live up to. Exelon cannot guarantee Limerick will be on 100% of the time for many reasons. Among them extreme heat and drought, and natural disasters like increasing tornadoes and earthquakes. Limerick is 3rd on the earthquake risk list. It could happen. Limerick has had increasing unplanned shut-downs in recent years. During major floods or storms, thousands of people lose power, some for hours AN "ALWAYS-ON SOURCE" OF ELECTRIC Exelon's Website Inaccurately Claims It's Always On NUCLEAR POWER IS ALWAYS ON - "EXCEPT WHEN IT'S NOT".
Shut-downs have been caused by earthquakes, tornadoes, floods, fire, ice, cracking
concrete, and even a raccoon. Many reactors have been shut-down in the U.S. and
Europe, due to heat and/or drought. Shut-downs can last for days or weeks.
Three Unplanned Shutdowns Occurred In One Week At Limerick Nuclear Plant in
2011, Reported by the Mercury in June, 2011.
Some Lengthy Shut-Downs Occurred Elsewhere In 2011. Below Are Examples
From A Long List Proving Nuclear Power Is NOT Always On.
• 8-23-11 Earthquake in Virginia
North Anna Was Still Shut-Down November, 2011
• June 2011 - Flood in Nebraska
Ft. Calhoun - Flood Penetration - Berm Failed
Radioactive Run-Off - Power Was Still Out 9-11
Cooper Power Station
• April 2011 - Tornadoes Knocked Out 3 Reactors in Alabama
• April 2011 - Vogle in Georgia Taken Out - Unexplained Shutdown
Not Sure When Power Would Return
• April 2011 - Tornadoes Shut Down Two Reactors
Surry in Virginia Shut Down Due To Loss of Power
• April 2011 - Crystal River Nuke in Florida Shut For Cracking Concrete
• FERMI 2 - Closed For Raccoon, a Tornado and 100,000 gallon spill inside Fermi 2
• Fires Closed Reactors in Ohio and South Carolina
• Browns Ferry cuts production by 50% due to HEAT - 7/26/10
- Don't Be Foole
For Detailed Information On All Issues Below – See Corresponding Sections Of ACE’s Website
Limerick Nuclear Plant
For Our Environment or Our Community!
Limerick Nuclear Plant Is Already A Major Threat
To Our Region's Air, Water, Soil, Health, And Security
Harms and Threats Would Increase Dramatically
If Limerick Nuclear Plant Is Allowed To Operate Until 2049
Without A Doubt,
Limerick Nuclear Plant Operations Result In
Unprecedented Threats And Harms.
Don’t Let Exelon Donations
Buy Your Silence and Support!
Exelon Owes This Region Far More Than It Donates
d Result In
a s To Your
Increased Risk Of Meltdown
Through Design Flaws, Corrosion, Brittle Materials, Mechanical
Breakdown, Terrorists, Earthquakes and Other Natural Disasters
Increased Threats To Drinking Water Supply
To Continue To Operate Limerick Nuclear Plant Until 2049?
The Schuylkil River cannot continue to sustain Limerick Nuclear Plant's excessive use of Schuylkil River water for its cooling towers. Each year Limerick withdraws over 20 Bil ion gal ons of Schuylkil River water and only returns 5. For decades, even after supplementation of a few bil ion gal ons a year, Limerick caused significant depletion of the Schuylkil River. In heat and drought the low flow of the river has already concerned many area residents. Almost 2 mil ion people from Pottstown to Philadelphia depend on the Schuylkil River for drinking water. It is not clear if there is enough water to sustain Limerick’s overuse even until 2029 when Limerick’s license expires. If Limerick is relicensed until 2049, bil ions of gal ons of depletion wil continue each year for another 20 years beyond 2029. If flows get too low or the river runs dry, then what? Radioactive Contamination Of Public Drinking Water
Radioactive Discharges Into The Schuylkill River
Limerick Nuclear Plant discharges 5 Bil ion Gal ons of Radioactive Wastewater each year Into the A broad range of radionuclides contaminate the river and sediment, some which stay dangerous for decades. Additive and cumulative radioactive threats over time are of serious concern, especial y during times of heat and drought due to concentration of contamination. Water treatment systems from Limerick to Philadelphia do not and cannot remove al radionuclides from drinking water through filtration. Even if possible, it would be cost prohibitive. Radioactive Leaks Into Groundwater From Miles Of Underground Pipes That Can't Be Easily Detected 102 of 104 of our nation's nuclear reactors have leaked radiation into groundwater, including Limerick. Radioactive contamination in miles of underground pipes under nuclear plants is not easily detected. It can go undetected and unreported for many years, spreading into residential and public drinking water wel s. The longer Limerick operates, the greater the risk of corrosion on al the underground pipes and More Radioactive Air Emissions
Limerick routinely releases radiation.
Over 100 radionuclides are associated with producing nuclear power. No one knows the additive, cumulative, and synergistic harmful impacts of radiation released from Limerick to date, much less what the impacts would be until 2029 or 2049. Exelon, the company with a vested interest in the outcome, measures
radiation levels in the vegetation, milk, soil, etc. But, Exelon has
shown elsewhere it can't be trusted.
There has never been independent testing on radiation levels in al routes of exposure.
Exelon claims levels are al acceptable, but National Academy of Science research on radiation plus
common sense suggest that continuous exposure, even to low doses over time, can be just as harmful as one high level dose, especial y to vulnerable populations. Acceptable levels have been deceptively determined on an average healthy male, not on fetuses and children, or those who already have cancer and other serious il nesses. More Particulate Matter (PM-10) Air Pollution
Limerick's Cooling Towers, as wel as several other sources at Limerick, release
massive amounts of Particulate Matter (PM-10), a dangerous air
pollutant regulated under the Clean Air Act.
PM-10 gets deep into your lungs and enters your blood stream, contributing to heart attacks and strokes, in addition to respiratory diseases. PM -10 kil s many in the U.S. each year. NO one knows for sure how much PM-10 is being released from Limerick
Nuclear Plant every day. Exelon only estimates Limerick's PM-10 emissions. No one actual y
monitors the air. Exelon has requested a huge 8-fold increase in PM-10 permitted amounts, claiming
they can't meet current permit requirements, suggesting Limerick Is releasing much more than original y
estimated. Al this means significant air pol ution threats to your family. For details on PM-10 contact
ACE (610) 326-2387
More High-Level Radioactive Wastes
Piling Up In Our Backyard.
No Safe Solution
There is no way to stop the threat to future generations except to stop making this deadly waste that remains dangerous for over a mil ion years. Containers are estimated to safely contain this waste only 50 years. They say it wil be moved to another location, which in itself could jeopardize al of us.
Limerick’s fuel pools are vulnerable to a terrorist attack. They do not have a containment like the There is already so much high-level radioactive waste stored at Limerick that fuel pools are ful . A terrorist attack on that alone could result in the consequences of 1,000 Hiroshimas. But it is also now stored above ground in casks that would be hard to miss by missile.
The Best Solution
Stop making this deadly radioactive waste. Close Limerick Nuclear Plant as soon as possible, at least by the time its license runs out in 2029. Help Protect
Our Health, Safety, And Our Environment
Future Generations Depend
On Your Actions Now!
REVIEW THE ACE WEBSITE FOR A BETTER UNDERSTANDING
OF ALL THE UNPRECEDENTED HARMS AND THREATS
HELP GET THE TRUTH TOLD
SPEAK UP NOW
BEFORE IT'S TOO LATE!
L CTED OFFI
Urological Oncology Mutations of RAS Gene Family in Specimens of Bladder CancerNavaz Karimianpour,1 Parisa Mousavi-Shafaei,1 Abed-Ali Ziaee,1 Mohammad Taghi Akbari,2 Gholamreza Pourmand,3 Amirreza Abedi,3 Ali Ahmadi,4 Hossein Afshin Alavi5 Introduction: Studies have shown different types of RAS mutations in human bladder tumors with a wide range of mutation frequencies in different p