Manual do Paciente A proposta deste texto é fornecer orientação a pessoas que desejam algum tipo de cirurgia plástica. Embora a maioria das respostas esteja incluída nestes textos, qualquer dúvida em relação ao tratamento deve ser discutida com o médico escolhido, pois o sucesso do tratamento depende da comunicação adequada e cooperação entre o paciente e a equipe médica. Af
Microsoft word - dr simpson post-op 04-14-08.docTerry L. Simpson, M.D., FACS
ARIZONA SURGICAL PLAZA I
1840 W. Maryland Suite A
Phoenix, Arizona 85015
Phone (602) 234-8995
Fax (602) 230-8344
Please call 602-234-8995 for any questions or concerns
Call the office if you experience any of the following:
• Shortness of breath • Fever greater than 101 degrees • Rapid heart rate • Pus draining from incisions • Redness around incisions bigger than a dime • Persistent vomiting
For the first three days, please take ibuprofen 400mg (two 200 mg over-the-
counter tablets) every four to six hours to stay on top of the pain. Use the
narcotic prescription [usually Vicodin tablets] (Acetaminophen and hydrocodone)]
only as needed. After three days the pain should be easily managed by an
occasional Tylenol (acetaminophen) or Advil (Motrin, ibuprofen) as needed. Try
to not take ibuprofen on an empty stomach and make sure you are well hydrated.
You should not take ibuprofen if you get dehydrated or if you have a history of
stomach ulcers. If you have trouble swallowing pills, you can use an equivalent
amount of liquid ibuprofen or liquid Motrin. It is not unusual to have some
shoulder pain after surgery. This pain is from irritation to the diaphragm during
the surgery. A heating pad on your shoulder blades or the upper abdomen may
help. This pain, if you have it, should gradually subside over several days, but
occasionally lasts longer.
Terry L. Simpson, M.D., FACS
You need to take a daily multi-vitamin. The easiest is Flintstones chewable
vitamins. Any multi- vitamin will do realizing that it may be hard to take large
pills. Some patients prefer liquid adult vitamins, chewable adult vitamins or
breaking regular vitamins in half.
If you go more than two days without a bowel movement, it is time to get things
moving. Over- the-counter stool softeners (Colace, DSS, or docusate sodium)
are mild and a good first choice. If this doesn’t work, take Phillips Milk of
Magnesia two tablespoons once or twice per day. This tends to work really well
so make sure you have ready access to a bathroom. Once you are eating
regular food it will be important to have plenty of fiber in your diet to promote
good bowel function. Examples of high fiber foods are bran cereal, fruits,
vegetables, and beans.
On a liquid diet, you can expect loose stools. Kaopectate, which can be found in
your grocery store or pharmacy, is a good medication to take because it simply
gels the stool as opposed to constipating you. If you are having more than 6
watery stools per day for more than one week after surgery, you may have a
special kind of diarrhea associated with the antibiotics we give prior to surgery
and you should call the office so we can arrange a stool specimen for culture.
Bleeding from Incisions
Due to the blood thinners we give before surgery to prevent blood clots, it is
common and normal for the small incisions to ooze blood and clear or yellow fluid
for several days after surgery. Consequently, bruising around the incisions is
normal as well. This will resolve on its own. This is caused by tiny vessels under
the skin. If blood is continuously dripping out of an incision, apply firm pressure
with a gauze or paper towel for five minutes and then leave an ice pack on it for
several hours and it should stop. If this happens, switch from ibuprofen to
acetaminophen as well since ibuprofen can prolong bleeding.
Terry L. Simpson, M.D., FACS
Leave the round plastic band-aids and steri-strips (small white tapes) in place.
You may change the bandages if they become soaked with fluid, and after 24
hours the wounds can be left open to air. If they fall off on their own, this is okay.
If you have dissolving sutures (stitches) they do not need to be removed. The
two other sutures we use are non-dissolving sutures which we will remove in a
week. Or sometimes we use staples—that are easily removed in the office. To
minimize scarring, once the steri-strips and band-aids are off, you may apply
Vitamin E oil, Scar Guard or Mederma to the incisions twice daily for two months.
You can get Vitamin E oil by poking a hole in the end of a gel Vitamin E capsule
and squeezing the oil onto the incision. Vitamin E oil is very sticky. Scar Guard
or Mederma should be available by asking your pharmacist. It does not require a
It is a good idea to try to get in some walking or other physical exercise every
day. Start out slowly and build up gradually. A simple walking program is a good
place to start if you have not been physically active before surgery. Start out
walking for 5 or 10 minutes and build gradually to 30 minutes per day. As you
lose weight, you will likely find a calorie burning activity that you enjoy. Most
people go back to work within 1 to 5 days, depending on the type of job they
have. You can resume sexual activity whenever you feel ready. You can begin
exercising moderately after a week or 10 days. There are no restrictions on
lifting, but take it easy for a week or two or you will cause more pain in the
incisions. Typically the port incision is the most tender due to the fact that the
port is stitched to the muscle. This pain will resolve with time. Showers are
okay. Do not rub the bandages vigorously with a washcloth. Blot the bandages
dry with a towel after a shower. No underwater submersion of the incisions or
swimming for two weeks (no baths, swimming or hot tubs). Sitting in the tub with
the incisions above water is okay.
Try to avoid vomiting. Vomiting increases the slippage and erosion rate of the
band. If you are nauseated from the medications or anesthesia, take the
prescribed anti- nausea pills. If you are vomiting after eating, it may mean that
you are eating too fast or too much and you should eat slower or in smaller
Terry L. Simpson, M.D., FACS
Please call the office to schedule a post-op appointment for one to two weeks
after surgery. You may have your first band adjustment 6 weeks after surgery if
needed. Some patients will not need an adjustment for several months.
The first six weeks after band surgery are about giving the band time to heal.
That is why we recommend liquids for one week and then soft, mushy foods for
two weeks. The simple rule for liquid foods in the first week is that you can eat
anything that would come through a straw. You don’t have to drink it through a
straw, but that is the ideal consistency. This includes foods like apple sauce,
yogurt without fruit, sugar-free Jell-O, sugar-free pudding and pureed soups. Any
soup is okay as long as it is pureed in a food processor or blender. Some people
have a hand blender that purees it in the soup pot. If the soup is very thick, you
can cut it down with chicken broth. Unjury® is an excellent post-op food source.
Unjury® is a thick liquid that will help you feel full, and allow you to lose weight.
We allow our patients to use this drink for the first week after surgery. Designed
for pre op and post op lap band patients, this is the only protein drink we
recommend for our patients. Available through our office.
After one week, you can have soft, mushy foods. This includes chicken and fish,
but you want to make sure they are tender and moist. You should avoid foods
such as steak, red meats and pork. Also, Lap Band patients find it hard to eat
doughy bread, sticky rice, raw vegetables and micro-waved pasta. Fibrous
vegetables are easier to eat when steamed or cooked. All foods should be cut
into very small pieces, eaten slowly and chewed well. It is important to chew
your food way more than you ever did before surgery. We cannot emphasize
enough how important it is to chew your food well. Stop eating at the first sign of
fullness and avoid vomiting as much as possible. Remember to eat sugar-free
foods, diet drinks and non-fat milk. High calorie liquids will not help you lose
weight. Repetitive vomiting will increase your risk of a slipped band.
Do not drink carbonated beverages unless you let them go flat. Carbonated
beverages will fill your pouch with gas, distend your stomach and might increase
the risk for a slipped band.
We will give you more suggestions about eating after adjustable gastric banding
at the monthly support group meetings. Support group meetings will be held the
2nd Tuesday of each month, and the 4th Thursday of each month in Phoenix at
Surgical Specialty Hospital of Arizona, at 6:30 p.m.
An Interactive Computer Kiosk Module for the Treatment of Recurrent UncomplicatedEva M. Aagaard, MD,1 Paul Nadler, MD,1 Joshua Adler, MD,1 Judith Maselli, MSPH,1Ralph Gonzales, MD, MSPH11Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. OBJECTIVE: To validate and implement a computer module for thecare clinician or adequate access t