DISPATCHES FROM THE STREET1 Deborah N. Kaplan University of Washington Abstract This study examines the personal worlds of homeless campers in Tucson, Arizona in the late 1990s to discover how the homeless contend with new sociospatial strategies of control. Tucson is typical of the dozens of U.S. cities that are attempting to evict street people from urban cores that have been rediscov
Vet 2001 pa.pubFOOD SECURITY VETERINARY
The Veterinary Project remains a crucial component of the Food Security Programme in its areas of operation as it supports the livestock of agro-pastoralists, complementing the work of the Agriculture Project that aims to improve produc-tion. The Veterinary Project continued as a community based initiative that is leading towards 100% cost recovery for the services given, in an effort to make provision of veterinary services sustainable. The main components of the Veterinary Project in 2001 were: • Vaccination • Curative treatment • Community drug purchasing • Response to disease outbreaks • Training • Community dialogue • Coordination • End of Rinderpest vaccination strategy Project objectives 2001: • Continuation of Rinderpest vaccination as part of the wider Pan-African Rinderpest campaign ( P ARC ) . • Provision of curative treatment to reduce mortality and other negative effects of diseases. • Increase community contribution to drugs/vaccines through increased cost recovery demands. • Improvement of animal reproduction by supplying of suitable mineral supplements at a total cost recovery. • Establishment of a sustainable community based animal health program through increased community dialogue and The areas of implementation in 2001 continued as for 2000 and were: • The six payams of Yirol County: Adior, Ngop, Lou, Abang, Aluakluak and Yirol Central • All the payams of Kajo-Keji County • Ox plough support outreach in Yei and Juba Counties; keeping the ox plough bulls in good health for optimum perform- It is estimated that the six Payams of Yirol County have a population of over 200,000 heads of cattle, while Kajo-Keji County is estimated to have over 30,000 heads of cattle. 30th of January 2001 in Adior Payam Yirol Reported to FAO. Vaccination of 7,669 animals. Treating early cases using long act-ing tetracycline. First week of February in Western Payam Vaccinating 13,303 heads of cattle. of Yirol County East coast fever-23 animals reported dead. Professional advice. Supportive treatment. Professional advice and supportive treatment. Curative treatment. Requesting for the vaccine. Rinderpest through vaccination and ear nated and ear notched. Collaborative reports from other NGOs and counterparts. Reduction incidences of outbreakmortality. protected through vaccination. Collaborative reports from counterparts and other NGO's with similar ongoing projects. Reduced disease morbidity and mortality. Up-grading 20 community animal health 16 community animal health a refresher course in basic animal health care in Kajo-Keji County from1st to 8th of November 2001 ( 2 from Juba County, 6 from Yei County, and 6 from Kajokeji County ) .
• Treatment of number of 9,368 heads of livestock for
• Protecting 1,989 heads of cattle from Rinderpest through
• Protecting 2,820 heads of cattle from Black Quarter and
Anthrax through vaccination.
• Realizing 1,037 US$ as cost recovery.
• Facilitating the purchase of 232 goats by South Sudan
Women Concern for restocking. The purchases were
made both locally and in Uganda.
• Conducting a refresher course for 16 community based
animal health workers towards the end of the second quarter.
• Conducting community dialogue both at the Boma and Payam levels. • Protecting 248 dogs from rabies through vaccination ( The vaccine was purchased by the community ) . • Holding a refresher course for the Ox plough trainers in Kajo-Keji. ( 2 from Juba County, 6 from Yei County, and 5 from Kajo-Keji County. The workshop was held from 1st to 8th November 2001. • Major community dialogue workshop attended by 40 participants from 19th to 21st December. The workshop discussed HIV/AIDs, veterinary seasonal calendar for the County, Training needs, VCCs/CAHWs role and general evaluation of the project activities. • 315 chicken protected from Newcastle disease through vaccination ( Vaccine purchased by the community) . • Refresher course for 16 active community animal health workers done from 9th to 13th of July 2001. • Opening up of the first private veterinary pharmacy in Kajo-Keji County was the first bold step towards a sustainable veterinary drug supply. NPA role will be advisory and supplement the effort if need arises besides ensuring good quality service. • Conducting of a project impact assessment.
Protecting 70,000 heads of cattle from 58,957 heads of cattle vaccinated Rinderpest through vaccination by 31st and ear notched. Reduction in livestock mortality. Cost recovery money collected. strategy for its eradication has been and Counterparts. going on in the cattle camps. Upgrading the veterinary workers skills 2 Trainees nominated by Yirol auxiliary training during the first quarter. • Treatment of 3,317 different types of diseases at cost recovery. • Protecting 7,669 heads of cattle from Hemorrhagic Septicaemia through vaccination. • Protecting 13,303 heads of cattle from Black Quarter and Anthrax through vaccination. • Protecting 58,957 heads of cattle from Rinderpest through vaccination. • Realizing US$ 3,779 as cost recovery from treatment. • Realizing US$ 726.31 as cost recovery from vaccination. • Sending 2 trainees to Marial Lou for a 3 months animal health auxiliary training during the first quarter. • Engaging the community in dialogue regarding termination of massive Rinderpest vaccination as a strategy for its • Dialogue on construction of two slaughter slabs, one in Agany market and other in Yirol town. • Training 16 new community animal health workers from 5th to 17th November 2001. • Conducting a refresher-training course for 24 community animal health workers from 9th to 13th of July 2001. Iii ) Yei/Juba Counties • Treatment of 142 different cases against various diseases. • Realizing 109US$ as cost recovery. Massive Rinderpest vaccination termination: Year 2001 was designated as the final year for the massive Rinderpest vaccination in Bar el Ghazal and most parts of South Sudan. The veterinary field teams have been explaining the need to terminate vaccination as a strategy for Rinderpest eradication. Over the period 60,895 heads of cattle were vaccinated against Rinderpest in both Yirol and Kajo-Keji Counties. After terminating the massive vaccination exercise, South Sudan will declare provisional freedom from Rinderpest disease. Active disease surveillance will ensue to monitor the recurrence of the disease.
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics (2005) 30, 285–290Ketoconazole increases plasma concentrationsof antimalarial mefloquine in healthy human volunteersW. Ridtitid MD FCFPT, M. Wongnawa MSc, W. Mahatthanatrakul MD FCFPT,N. Raungsri MSc and M. Sunbhanich PhDDepartment of Pharmacology, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailandmechanisms of the increase in pla